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S&M: Art&Crafts/Art Nouveau

ac-an_ink_liSimiliarities:

1.Victorian design sensibility

2. Influenced by the opening of trade with  japan

3. Based on strong lines and gometry

4.Natural inspiration, such as, plants

Differences:

Art&Craft

1.Against mass production

2.Backwards looking

3.Straight lines

Art Nouveau

1.Focus on future

2.The French curve

References

https://uk.answers.yahoo.com/question/index?qid=20100321101719AA36ohG

https://www.britannica.com/art/Art-Nouveau

http://www.vam.ac.uk/content/articles/s/style-guide-arts-and-crafts/

http://www.vam.ac.uk/page/a/art-nouveau/

 

Functionalism&Modernism&Art Deco

Functionalism

Hussein Chalayan Fall 2000 “Afterwards”

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CHALAYAN AW00 PHOTO CHRIS MOORE ONE TIME PUBLICATION ONLY BAPLA AND NUJ TERMS APPLY

Hussein  Chalayan was born in 1970. Cypriot-British fashion designer best known for infusing intellectual concepts and artistic elements into his designs and shows.

In 2000 fall collection named “Afterwords”, Hussein Chalayan applies the bauhaus style. His work also blurs the distinction between art and fashion.

The coffee table can become a chair, a sheet over a couple of chairs canbe dresses. Those furniture are transformed into fashion. His work noy only reflet the character stics of the function of style, but also get a touch of surrealism.

He always design fashion clothes by the methods of architecture design. So, his clothes have a simple neat lines and strong profile element. Besides. he also focus on pratically. These features are in line with functionalism.

Modernism

Gerrit Thomas Rietveld academy  fashion show 2013

RIETVELD13_FAYDACI_080.jpeg.jpg

Red Blue chair 1923

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Gerrit Thomas Rietveld was born in 1888. He was a Dutch designer, architect and painter. This show was not his works, but according to his style to design which seems like a three-dimensional realization of a Mondrian painting.

He infatuated with simple lines and colours. In 1925, Gerrit Thomas designed the Schroder House. This building reflect the stylized of De Stifi.

De Stifi has a great influence for modernism, such as, his simple geometric form and netural color (white, black, gray).

Art Deco

Gabrielle Coco chanel

24_barbier_eveing_dresses.jpg

Her  dresses is mostly made of silks, velvet, satins, chiffons, beads-beads-beads, feathers and fringe. They are also above the ankle and have loose waist. Besides, breasts are down and as flat as possible. These dress are totally different in an era when American females still wore their dresses trailing to the ground.

In the colour scheme,  Coco chanel did not use glaring colours. She managed to convince the fashion conscious that beige was chic. in 1926, Chanel create a successful dress for women, “little black dress”. its almost universal popularity as a fashion basic.

“The designer also used colorful feminine printed chiffons in her daywear designs (1984.31a-c). Evening ensembles followed the long slim line for which the designer was known, but also incorporated tulle, lace, and decorative elements that soften and romanticize the overall look of the garment (1978.165.16a,b; C.I.46.4.7a-c).” (Jessa.K.2004)

 

References

Bronwyn. C. (2013) https://britannica.com/biography/Hussein-Chalaya

Decolish. Coco Chanel in the art deco era.http://www.decolish.com/CocoChanel.html

Gabrielle “Coco” Chanel (1883–1971) and the House of Chanel http://www.metmuseum.org/toah/hd/chnl/hd_chnl.htm

SylviaVDL. Bauhuas, style and fashion.(2013) http://40plusstyle.com/bauhaus-style-and-fashion/

Are Deco preservation ball. http://www.artdecosociety.org/decoball/adpb_ladies_overview.htm

Brankopopovicblog.(2013). http://brankopopovic.blogspot.co.uk/2013/06/gerrit-rietveld-academy-fashion-show.html

Art Directory. http://www.gerrit-thomas-rietveld.com/

Plum.S(2000). http://www.vogue.com/fashion-shows/fall-2000-ready-to-wear/chalayan

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

ART&CRAFT AND ART NEOVEAU

Art & Craft

CIS:E.269-1913

C.F.A Voysey

Context

Voysey was born in 1857. A designer of architect, fabric and furniture. He was influenced by the art nouveau Movement.He became particularly famous for his wallpaper and textile designs.

Background

The industrial Revolution influenced people’s taste.

Style

He taking a lot of inspiration from the natural. such as, feature stylised bird and plant forms. Besides, he combined simplicity with sophistication. His life long love of England’s flora and fauna, his belief that a reverent observation of the natural world might hasten humanity’s spiritual evolution.

Aesthetics

materials and techniques

watercolour, pencil and metal

Formal Elements

The lines are strong and neat, symmetrical and balanced., with flat colours.

 

Art Neoveau

mucha.jpg

 

Alphose Mucha

Context

He was born in1860, a Art Nouveau painter and decorative artist, best known for his distinct style and his images of women. He produced many paintings, illustrations, advertisements, and designs.

Background

During this time, techniques for mass-produced graphics were rapidly evolving, and printing styles heavily influenced the color and style that artists used.

Style

Mucha’s works frequently featured beautiful, strong young women in flowing vaguely Neoclassical looking robes, often surrounded by lush flowers which sometimes formed haloes behind the women’s heads. His drawings blended inextricably with the design elements of the work. His elegant curveuliear forms and Byzantine surface decoration extended into, and became part of the drawing.

Aesthetics

Formal Elements

Sensuous curves derived from nature, refined decorative elements and natural colors.

Fashion

Modern fashions Inspired by Art based on Mucha’s work.

dress.jpg

 

SIMILARITIES

Taking a lot of inspiration from the natural.

Colour style

Strong lines

The industrial revolution influenced both two movements.

DIFFERENCES

A&C evolved into a recognizable style based on strong, straight lines, simple geometry, and a disdain of ornamentation for it’s own sake.

AN also favored strong lines and geometry, but also embraced the flourish, the french curve, the use of space in a beautiful way.

Bibliography

Style Guide: Arts & Crafts. http://www.vam.ac.uk/content/articles/s/style-guide-arts-and-crafts/
V&A. Search the collections. http://collections.vam.ac.uk/item/O74873/textile-design-c-f-a/
THE C.F.A. VOYSEY.SOCIETY. https://www.voyseysociety.org/index.html
George.p.(N.D).The Arts and Crafts Movement: A Brief Introduction. http://www.victorianweb.org/art/design/artsandcrafts/craftintro.html
Lines and colours.(2006).http://linesandcolors.com/2006/01/14/alphonse-mucha/
Artist’s gallery. http://www.rogallery.com/Mucha_Alphonse/mucha-biography.htm